Gnu Operating System For Mac

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I also tried installing binutils via homebrew, but it doesn't seems to ship with GNU linker. The command correctly runs in Ubuntu 14.04, but I'd like to continue developing in OS X if possible. Is there a way to obtain the same results with OS X's linker, potentially with different flags? Download GNU Make for Mac - Open source and command line based utility designed to help developers build, configure, install and uninstall programs from their source files SOFTPEDIA® Windows.


GNU aka GNU/Hurd. The official name of this operating system is GNU. Hurd is the kernel in the GNU operating system. It is often listed as GNU/Hurd since there is also GNU/Linux and GNU/kFreeBSD, which are most of the GNU operating system with the Linux and FreeBSD kernels respectively. It is a Unix-based operating system built on NeXTSTEP and other technology developed at NeXT from the late 1980s until early 1997, when Apple purchased the company and its CEO Steve Jobs returned to Apple. Precursors to the original release of Mac OS X include OpenStep, Apple's Rhapsody project, and the Mac OS X Public Beta. Instructions for older versions of Mac OS X (10.6 - 10.10) Instructions for installing the GNU compilers for older versions of Mac OS X (10.6 - 10.10) have been moved and are available on another page. Tips & Warnings. I mention all but the last of these tips and warnings in the text above, but it doesn't hurt to list them a second time.

These requirements apply only to building older versions of Android. For the Android Open Source Project (AOSP) master branch, see the standard Requirements and Establishing a Build Environment.

Building recent old releases (>= 5.0 Lollipop)

For Android versions 8.0 (Oreo or O) – 5.0 (Lollipop or L), consider using the included Dockerfile to ease the installation of all required packages.

Building really old releases (<= 4.4 KitKat)


Operating systems

Android is typically built with a GNU/Linux or Mac OS X operating system. It's also possible to build Android in a virtual machine on unsupported systems such as Windows.

We recommend building on GNU/Linux. The Android build system normally runs ART on the build machine to precompile system DEX files. ART can run only on Linux, so the build system skips this precompilation step on non-Linux operating systems, resulting in an Android build with reduced performance.


  • Android 6.0 (Marshmallow) – AOSP master: Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty)
  • Android 2.3.x (Gingerbread) – Android 5.x (Lollipop): Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise)
  • Android 1.5 (Cupcake) – Android 2.2.x (Froyo): Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid)

Mac OS X (Intel/x86)

  • Android 6.0 (Marshmallow) – AOSP master: Mac OS X v10.10 (Yosemite) or higher with Xcode 4.5.2 and Command Line Tools
  • Android 5.x (Lollipop): Mac OS X v10.8 (Mountain Lion) with Xcode 4.5.2 and Command Line Tools
  • Android 4.1.x (Jelly Bean) – Android 4.4.x (KitKat): Mac OS X v10.6 (Snow Leopard) or Mac OS X v10.7 (Lion) and Xcode 4.2 (Apple Developer Tools)
  • Android 1.5 (Cupcake) – Android 4.0.x (Ice Cream Sandwich): Mac OS X v10.5 (Leopard) or Mac OS X v10.6 (Snow Leopard) and the Mac OS X v10.5 SDK

GNU make

For versions lower than the AOSP master branch through Android 4.1.x (Jelly Bean), use GNU make (gmake) 3.82. For Android 4.0.x (Ice Cream Sandwich) and lower, revert from gmake 3.82 to avoid build errors.

Xcode and other packages

For lower versions of Mac OS X v10.8 or lower, install Xcode from the Apple developer site. If you are not already registered as an Apple developer, you must create an Apple ID to download.

If using Mac OS X v10.4, also install Bison:

For MacPorts, issue:

Gnu operating system download

For Homebrew, issue:

Reverting from gmake 3.82

In Android 4.0.x (Ice Cream Sandwich) and lower, gmake 3.82 has a bug that prevents Android from building. You can install version 3.81 using MacPorts with these steps:

  1. Edit /opt/local/etc/macports/sources.conf and add this line: above the rsync line. Then create this directory:
  2. In the new dports directory, run:
  3. Create a port index for your new local repository:
  4. Install the old version of gmake:


Supported versions

  • Android 7.0 (Nougat) – Android 8.0 (Oreo):
    • Ubuntu: OpenJDK 8
    • Mac OS X: JDK 8u45 or higher
  • Android 5.x (Lollipop) – Android 6.0 (Marshmallow):
    • Ubuntu: OpenJDK 7
    • Mac OS X: jdk-7u71-macosx-x64.dmg
  • Android 2.3.x (Gingerbread) – Android 4.4.x (KitKat):
    • Ubuntu: Java JDK 6
    • Mac OS X: Java JDK 6
  • Android 1.5 (Cupcake) – Android 2.2.x (Froyo):
    • Ubuntu: Java JDK 5

Gnu Operating System For Mac Os

JDK for Linux

The master branch of Android in the Android Open Source Project (AOSP) comes with prebuilt versions of OpenJDK below prebuilts/jdk/ so no additional installation is required.

Lower versions of Android require a separate installation of the JDK. On Ubuntu, use OpenJDK.

For Ubuntu 15.04 and higher

Run the following:

For Ubuntu LTS 14.04

Gnu Operating System Download

There are no available supported OpenJDK 8 packages for Ubuntu 14.04. The Ubuntu 15.04 OpenJDK 8 packages have been used successfully with Ubuntu 14.04. Higher package versions (for example, those for 15.10, 16.04) don't work on 14.04 using the instructions below.

  1. Download the .deb packages for 64-bit architecture from old-releases.ubuntu.com:
    • openjdk-8-jre-headless_8u45-b14-1_amd64.deb with SHA256 0f5aba8db39088283b51e00054813063173a4d8809f70033976f83e214ab56c0
    • openjdk-8-jre_8u45-b14-1_amd64.deb with SHA256 9ef76c4562d39432b69baf6c18f199707c5c56a5b4566847df908b7d74e15849
    • openjdk-8-jdk_8u45-b14-1_amd64.deb with SHA256 6e47215cf6205aa829e6a0a64985075bd29d1f428a4006a80c9db371c2fc3c4c
  2. Optionally, confirm the checksums of the downloaded files against the SHA256 string listed with each package above. For example, with the sha256sum tool:
  3. Install the packages: Run dpkg for each of the .deb files you downloaded. It may produce errors due to missing dependencies: To fix missing dependencies:

(Optional) Update the default Java version

Optionally, for the Ubuntu versions above, update the default Java version by running:

Note: During a build, if you encounter version errors for Java, see Wrong Java version for likely causes and solutions.